Indian Independence (Part 2)
On 15th August 1947, India gained independence from the British. India was ruled by the British for almost a century. It was called the British Raj (1857–1947). The British started trading spices with the Indians and slowly entered India and started colonising by making allies. Through years many Indians tried to go against the British but they ended up getting killed. After almost a century Gandhi and Nehru fought for their country’s freedom and gained it in the year 1947. It is said that the British escaped from India in the midnight on 14 August 1947. During these years, countries like Pakistan and Bangladesh were divided from India. The following table contains the list of freedom fighters of India.
|BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR||1775-1862|
|RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY||1772-1833|
|BIPIN CHANDRA PAL||1858-1932|
|CHANDRA SHEKAR AZHAD||1906-1931|
|SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE||1897-1945|
|ABUL KALAM AZAD||1888-1958|
|GOVIND BALLABH PANT||1887-1961|
|RASH BEHARI BOSE||1886-1945|
|JAI PRAKASH NARAYAN||1902-1979|
|DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR||1891-1956|
|LOKMANYA BAL GANGADHAR TILAK||1856-1920|
|LALA LAJPAT RAI||1836-1928|
|MADAN MOHAN MALVIYA||1861-1946|
Clement Attlee the former prime minister of the Britain finally declared that India would be granted independence.
In 1947 the Muslim league launched direct action day its purpose first of conveyed that an undivided India would no longer be possible.
On June 3rd 1947 Lord Mountbatten the last British governor-general in India announced the partitioning of India into a secular India and a Muslim Pakistan.
On August 14th 1947, Pakistan was declared as a separate nation with Muhammad Ali Jinnah as its leader. On August 15 1947 at the stroke of midnight India was declared an independent issue, this joyous was also scarred with violent between Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs. At least thousand people were said to have been killed during this period. 11 million Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs crossed waters.
The year following independence Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated and the entire nation mourned his death.
Charminar is stated in Hyderabad, India. “Char” means four in hindi and “minar” means pillars in hindi. The Charminar was constructed in the intersection of the historical trade route to Golconda with the port city of Masulipatnam. People say that the fountain in Charminar actually blocks a passage which goes to Golconda. The construction of Charminar was completed in the year 1594. It was built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah who was in the Qutb Shahi dynasty. The architect for Charminar was a French person.